Immunity and Pathogenesis Program

lymph node with abscess; image from NIH Image Gallery

Disease and the immune response

Pathogenesis—literally how disease (pathos) begins (genesis) or develops—is a broad and important area of research.

Many diseases can arise from pathogens, but the immune system protects us through various lines of defense. If the immune system fails to function properly and becomes too weak or too strong, it can lead to disease states that include immunodeficiencies that lead to enhanced susceptibly to infections disease, autoimmune conditions, such as lupus and arthritis, and even cancer. 

Director's statement

Our focus is on understanding the regulation and interplay of host immune responses and microbial pathogenesis. We study viral-host interactions, innate and humoral immunity, inflammation and T cell checkpoint regulation. A better understanding of these aspects of the immune system will provide novel therapeutic opportunities to address many unmet medical needs, including the treatment of endemic and pandemic infectious diseases, autoimmune disorders, cancer and inflammatory diseases.

Jamey Marth, Ph.D., Program Director

Appointments

Adjunct Appointments

Adam Godzik, Ph.D.

Publications

Cutting Edge: The RNA-Binding Protein Ewing Sarcoma Is a Novel Modulator of Lymphotoxin β Receptor Signaling.

Virgen-Slane R, Correa RG, Ramezani-Rad P, Steen-Fuentes S, Detanico T, DiCandido MJ, Li J, Ware CF

J Immunol 2020 Mar 1 ;204(5):1085-1090

Identifying determinants of bacterial fitness in a model of human gut microbial succession.

Feng L, Raman AS, Hibberd MC, Cheng J, Griffin NW, Peng Y, Leyn SA, Rodionov DA, Osterman AL, Gordon JI

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2020 Feb 4 ;117(5):2622-2633

Genome-scale metabolic modeling reveals SARS-CoV-2-induced metabolic changes and antiviral targets.

Cheng K, Martin-Sancho L, Pal LR, Pu Y, Riva L, Yin X, Sinha S, Nair NU, Chanda SK, Ruppin E

Mol Syst Biol 2021 Nov ;17(11):e10260

Restriction factor compendium for influenza A virus reveals a mechanism for evasion of autophagy.

Martin-Sancho L, Tripathi S, Rodriguez-Frandsen A, Pache L, Sanchez-Aparicio M, McGregor MJ, Haas KM, Swaney DL, Nguyen TT, Mamede JI, Churas C, Pratt D, Rosenthal SB, Riva L, Nguyen C, Beltran-Raygoza N, Soonthornvacharin S, Wang G, Jimenez-Morales D, De Jesus PD, Moulton HM, Stein DA, Chang MW, Benner C, Ideker T, Albrecht RA, Hultquist JF, Krogan NJ, García-Sastre A, Chanda SK

Nat Microbiol 2021 Oct ;6(10):1319-1333

Human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived macrophages ameliorate liver fibrosis.

Pouyanfard S, Meshgin N, Cruz LS, Diggle K, Hashemi H, Pham TV, Fierro M, Tamayo P, Fanjul A, Kisseleva T, Kaufman DS

Stem Cells 2021 Aug 30 ;

Functional landscape of SARS-CoV-2 cellular restriction.

Martin-Sancho L, Lewinski MK, Pache L, Stoneham CA, Yin X, Becker ME, Pratt D, Churas C, Rosenthal SB, Liu S, Weston S, De Jesus PD, O'Neill AM, Gounder AP, Nguyen C, Pu Y, Curry HM, Oom AL, Miorin L, Rodriguez-Frandsen A, Zheng F, Wu C, Xiong Y, Urbanowski M, Shaw ML, Chang MW, Benner C, Hope TJ, Frieman MB, García-Sastre A, Ideker T, Hultquist JF, Guatelli J, Chanda SK

Mol Cell 2021 Jun 17 ;81(12):2656-2668.e8

TOP1 inhibition therapy protects against SARS-CoV-2-induced lethal inflammation.

Ho JSY, Mok BW, Campisi L, Jordan T, Yildiz S, Parameswaran S, Wayman JA, Gaudreault NN, Meekins DA, Indran SV, Morozov I, Trujillo JD, Fstkchyan YS, Rathnasinghe R, Zhu Z, Zheng S, Zhao N, White K, Ray-Jones H, Malysheva V, Thiecke MJ, Lau SY, Liu H, Zhang AJ, Lee AC, Liu WC, Jangra S, Escalera A, Aydillo T, Melo BS, Guccione E, Sebra R, Shum E, Bakker J, Kaufman DA, Moreira AL, Carossino M, Balasuriya UBR, Byun M, Albrecht RA, Schotsaert M, Garcia-Sastre A, Chanda SK, Miraldi ER, Jeyasekharan AD, TenOever BR, Spivakov M, Weirauch MT, Heinz S, Chen H, Benner C, Richt JA, Marazzi I

Cell 2021 May 13 ;184(10):2618-2632.e17

Clofazimine broadly inhibits coronaviruses including SARS-CoV-2.

Yuan S, Yin X, Meng X, Chan JF, Ye ZW, Riva L, Pache L, Chan CC, Lai PM, Chan CC, Poon VK, Lee AC, Matsunaga N, Pu Y, Yuen CK, Cao J, Liang R, Tang K, Sheng L, Du Y, Xu W, Lau CY, Sit KY, Au WK, Wang R, Zhang YY, Tang YD, Clausen TM, Pihl J, Oh J, Sze KH, Zhang AJ, Chu H, Kok KH, Wang D, Cai XH, Esko JD, Hung IF, Li RA, Chen H, Sun H, Jin DY, Sun R, Chanda SK, Yuen KY

Nature 2021 May ;593(7859):418-423

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